Scientists have found that eating large doses of fructose can interfere with the proper functioning of the immune system. The study is published in the peer-reviewed journal Nature.
Experts from the University of Swansea, the University of Bristol, and the Francis Crick Institute in London analyzed the effect of fructose on the body of mice. It was found that this compound reprograms cellular metabolic pathways, promoting glutaminolysis and oxidative metabolism-processes whose activation leads to an increase in the level of inflammatory cytokines.
The researchers concluded that excessive consumption of fructose causes inflammatory reactions of the immune system: they, in turn, provoke damage to cells and tissues, as well as disrupt the functioning of organs and systems of the body.
Scientists remind us that fructose is usually found in sugary drinks, sweets, and semi-finished products and is widely used in food production. It increases the risk of developing obesity, type 2 diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.