AI will teach how to search and collect amphorae that split 2,500 years ago

Archaeologists will begin to collect destroyed amphorae with the help of AI: the shards are about 2,500 years old.

Specialists of the Fanagoria archaeological expedition, working in the Krasnodar Territory, are going to use AI to collect hundreds of amphora shards. The algorithm will evaluate the thickness, the pattern and based on this, it will find the unique location of each piece.

In 2019, we opened a complex: the house burned down in a fire shortly after the first colonists settled here, its basement was full of amphora containers, which came to us in the form of collapses (mixed fragments of ceramics). For the second year already, our specialists have been working on this mosaic, several vessels have already been assembled, and they have been sent for an exposition to our branch in Sochi. But a part is still in work, and we want to try if it will be possible to use modern digital technologies to automatically match fragments to each other.

Sergey Ostapenko, deputy head of the expedition

First, specialists will develop 3D models of each of the fragments to use during the experiment. They will be created using photogrammetry. During this procedure, each shard is photographed and loaded into a special program, then a model is automatically created. In the case of pieces of pottery, it is expected that there will be about 20-30 shots for each.

Next, the analysis and comparison of the fragments will begin: the AI ​​will analyze the shape, thickness and other parameters of the fragments.

This makes it possible to see such details that the naked eye simply does not notice. In addition, the program allows you to make a cut, change the illumination – a very convenient tool for researchers.

Sergey Ostapenko, deputy head of the expedition

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Alexandr Ivanov earned his Licentiate Engineer in Systems and Computer Engineering from the Free International University of Moldova. Since 2013, Alexandr has been working as a freelance web programmer.
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Alexandr Ivanov

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