Physics

196 lasers help scientists recreate conditions inside huge clusters of galaxies
Physics

196 lasers help scientists recreate conditions inside huge clusters of galaxies

Scientists from Chicago, the University of Oxford and the University of Rochester have collaborated to create conditions similar to hot gas in giant galaxy clusters. The scientists focused 196 lasers on one small target to create white-hot plasma with intense magnetic fields. It exists for a few billionths of a second. The authors of the...
Physicists have figured out how to reduce cosmic “noise” in search of the elusive neutrino
Physics

Physicists have figured out how to reduce cosmic “noise” in search of the elusive neutrino

Scientists have developed new tools that will help find signs of neutrinos in detectors located on the Earth’s surface. The new method combines several data sieving and image reconstruction techniques. The principle of operation is similar to how CT scanners reconstruct 3D images of internal organs from 2D slice-like images of the human body. Thanks...
Researchers Achieve Rare Quantum State in Polycrystals
Physics

Researchers Achieve Rare Quantum State in Polycrystals

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, the University of Paderborn and the University of Konstanz have achieved a rare quantum state: they have demonstrated Wannier-Stark localization in a polycrystalline substance for the first time. The effect predicted about 80 years ago was previously proven only in single crystals. The atoms of a...
Physicists have published images of complex molecules taken with X-ray lasers
Physics

Physicists have published images of complex molecules taken with X-ray lasers

Kansas State University physicists Daniel Rolles and Artem Rudenko and their graduate student Xiang Li were part of an international research team that published the paper “X-ray multiphoton Coulomb explosion-induced imaging of complex single molecules” in the monthly journal Nature Physics. In a technique known as Coulomb explosion imaging, a high-intensity, ultra-short pulse of an...
The single atom catalyst removes hazardous contaminants. Now it’s easy to create in the lab
Physics

The single atom catalyst removes hazardous contaminants. Now it’s easy to create in the lab

Monoatomic catalysts help remove organic contaminants. In the course of the new study, scientists learned more about their work and how to create them cheaper and easier. Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have studied the operation of single-atom catalysts based on iron-pyridine sites in a carbon matrix. First, they developed a new, simple method for...
The scientists plotted magnetic fields on a 3D map. This will increase the storage capacity
Physics

The scientists plotted magnetic fields on a 3D map. This will increase the storage capacity

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have mapped magnetic fields in three dimensions, an important step towards identifying the three-dimensional magnetic configuration in magnetic materials. The work is of great importance for improving diagnostic imaging and storage capacity. A study recently published in the journal Nature Materials presents the results of a three-year high-performance...
The Large Hadron Collider will be launched after three years of inactivity
Physics

The Large Hadron Collider will be launched after three years of inactivity

After a successful second run of the LHC ended in December 2018, it was closed for upgrades to increase its capacity and capabilities. Now the LHC team has announced a new – already third – launch of the collider, which will begin this spring: perhaps this will happen as early as the end of March....