Engineers copied the brain’s neural connections into a chip to make it think like a human

Samsung engineers, together with scientists at Harvard University, proposed to copy the neural connections of the brain into neuromorphic chips: this is a new technology that the developers have already tested in an experiment.

In a new study, engineers have created a new method for developing neuromorphic chips that mimic how the brain works. The authors of the work proposed to copy the neural connections of the brain using an array of nanoelectrodes. The resulting card is inserted into the solid state memory 3D network module.

Using the new method, the authors want to create a memory microcircuit that will work as efficiently as the brain, namely: consume less energy, learn more easily, adapt to the environment and learn new things. All of this was previously inaccessible to computing systems.

To collect information about the brain, an array of nanoelectrodes was connected to a large number of neurons and their electrical signals were recorded with high sensitivity. Based on these recordings, the researchers created a map of neural connections, which shows where neurons connect to each other, as well as how strong that connection is.

Further, this information is transferred to the nonvolatile memory network – this can be a regular flash memory or a new generation RRAM memory.

The article also explained how to quickly insert maps of neural connections into an electronic memory network. A network of specially designed non-volatile memory elements shows a map of neural connections, and it begins to work with the help of fixed intercellular signals.

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Alexandr Ivanov earned his Licentiate Engineer in Systems and Computer Engineering from the Free International University of Moldova. Since 2013, Alexandr has been working as a freelance web programmer.
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Alexandr Ivanov

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