In the western part of Jezero crater, the Perseverance rover cuts away layers of soil to find traces of clay. According to scientists, in the past, floods occurred in this area, and, therefore, living organisms could remain after them. Soil samples will be sent by 2030. NASA talked about the new mission on Twitter.
For five years, scientists analyzed more than 60 possible search points before choosing the Jezero crater. An important role was played by the fact that earlier many rivers flowed into it, where you can still find clay material, and with it microorganisms.
Perseverance is currently exploring the South Seita area. In this he is assisted by the Martian helicopter Ingenuity. He builds for him the most optimal route through the dunes and ridges.
Perseverance is NASA’s fifth rover. It launched in July 2020 and landed on Mars in February 2021. Its main goal is to collect rock and soil samples and search for possible traces of life. He also conducts tests for the production of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere, thereby preparing the landing of a man on the Red Planet.