Today, the most popular theory about how water disappeared from Mars is the influence of the Sun. We are talking about solar radiation – it affected the water, separated the hydrogen and oxygen molecules. As a result, all the liquid was forced out into space. This process has been going on for billions of years, as a result Mars became a barren and dry planet.

On the other hand, this process might not be so simple. The authors of the new work believe that this was influenced by dust storms, gravitational waves and convection currents.

It is noted that the probes that are now exploring Mars have shown that the leakage of water molecules into space continues – this is a phenomenon that actively occurs during dust storms.

Planetary scientist Erdal Yigit of George Mason University said that water from Mars could have entered the upper atmosphere, where it would be torn apart before being thrown into space. These data indicate that processes took place on Mars in the lower layers of the atmosphere, due to which water got into the upper atmosphere.

Yigit believes that this was due to a combination of factors – due to convection currents, dust storms or gravitational waves. Summing up, he noted that it is likely that gravitational waves propagating upward could have played a role in pushing water out.