Washington, in particular, intends to allocate a total of almost $ 1 billion to assist Ukraine.
The White House presented on Monday the budget for fiscal year 2023 (starting in the United States on October 1), which contains an increase in spending on the activities of the Department of State and international programs by $ 10.2 billion, or 18%.
“The budget requests $67.6 billion in funding for the Department of State and international programs, which is $10.2 billion, or 18% more than [requested by the White House] in 2021, excluding emergency funding. Within this total amount, the budget includes $60.4 billion for the Department of State and [Agency for International Development] USAID, which is $7.4 billion, or 14% higher than in 2021. This budget also includes $4.4 billion for international programs of the Ministry of Finance, which is $2.5 billion, or 131% higher than in 2021,” the White House explained.
The U.S. administration proposes to allocate a total of almost $1 billion for assistance to Ukraine in the next fiscal year through the Department of State, the Pentagon and the U.S. Agency for International Development.
As the White House clarified, “the budget assumes the allocation of almost $ 1 billion in assistance to Ukraine through the Department of State, the U.S. Agency for International Development and the Pentagon to <…> meet emerging needs related to security, energy, cybersecurity, disinformation, macroeconomic stabilization and the sustainability of civil society.”
The draft document explains that through the Department of State, in particular, “the budget assumes the allocation of $682 million for Ukraine, which is $219 million more than the figure approved in 2021.”
Containment of the Russian Federation and the fight against the influence of China
The U.S. administration also plans to allocate almost $7 billion to deter Russia.
As stated in the background documents attached to it, “the budget includes $6.9 billion for the European Deterrence Initiative, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), countering Russian aggression to support Ukraine, to support strong U.S. partnerships with NATO allies and other European countries through increased funding to strengthen the capabilities and combat readiness of American forces, NATO allies and partners in the region in the face of Russian aggression.”
In addition, the U.S. administration expects to allocate $400 million in fiscal year 2023 to counter the “malicious influence” of China.
As specified in the background documents attached to the draft budget, the U.S. government plans to allocate “almost $1.8 billion through the Department of State in fiscal year 2023 to support free and open, interconnected, protected and sustainable regions of the Indian and Pacific Oceans,” as well as the implementation of Washington’s new strategy in this part of the world. At the same time, $400 million, as stated by the White House, is planned to be invested in the “Fund for Countering the Malicious Influence of the People’s Republic of China.”
Foreign policy activities
The American authorities intend to provide $1.4 billion in economic and security assistance to Jordan, as well as $1.4 billion to support the diplomatic and security partnership of the United States with Egypt.
“As part of the Administration’s commitment to ensuring security, prosperity and freedom for both Israelis and Palestinians, the budget also provides for the allocation of $219 million to provide critical assistance to the Palestinian people in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as throughout the region, in support of a solution [to the Middle East conflict] based on the principle of the coexistence of two states with Israel,” the document distributed by the White House says.
According to the draft budget, over $10 billion will go to more than 70 countries to help about 240 million refugees. More than $3.2 billion is planned to be allocated to support global programs in the field of democracy, human rights, and the fight against corruption “in accordance with the commitments made” by U.S. President Joe Biden during the “Summit for Democracy” organized by him at the end of last year. In addition, it is noted in the distributed document, the project includes more than 11 billion for global efforts to combat climate change. Thus, Biden fulfilled his promise to increase this funding fourfold. The U.S. administration intends to increase by $1.4 billion, up to $10.6 billion, the financing of measures related to solving international health problems.
The draft U.S. federal budget also assumes a deficit of $1.4 trillion. As noted, “the budget forecasts a deficit of $1.4 trillion, or 5.8% of GDP for 2022, which is less than half of the deficit that President [U.S. Joe Biden] inherited.”
In fiscal year 2023, the U.S. administration plans to increase allocations for the activities of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) by almost 12% and bring them to the level of $26 billion.
As stated in the background documents attached to it, “the budget requests $26 billion as <…> funding for NASA, we are talking about an increase of $2.7 billion, or 11.6%,” compared to the level of spending that was approved by the U.S. Congress for fiscal year 2022. At the same time, the budget request provides support for “the operations of the International Space Station, paving the way for its continued operation through 2030 inclusive.” In addition, the document provides for the allocation of $224 million to support “the development of commercial space stations that NASA, other departments of the [U.S.] government, foreign partners and the private sector will be able to use after the ISS operation is completed,” the White House notes.
For the Artemis program, which aims to land astronauts on the Moon, the executive branch of the U.S. government proposes to spend $7.5 billion in 2023 ($1.1 billion more than at present), to launch an automatic station to deliver samples of soil and rocks from Mars to Earth – $822 million.
NASA announced in the spring of 2019 that the Artemis program includes three stages. The first is the launch into space of the Orion spacecraft using the new Space Launch System launch vehicle, which in unpiloted mode will make several turns around the Moon and return back. The second is a flyby of a natural satellite of the Earth already with a crew on board. At the third stage, NASA expects to deliver astronauts to the moon, and then send them to Mars in the mid-2030s.
The presidential draft budget is a request sent to the U.S. Congress, which states the priorities of the administration. Members of the House of Representatives and the Senate of Congress themselves develop and approve government expenditures, after which the final document is signed or rejected by the head of state.
The new fiscal year begins in the United States on October 1, 2022.